What Is Polyester Fabric?
Polyester Fabric is one of the world's most popular textiles, used in a wide range of consumer and industrial applications. It is most often derived from petroleum, but it can also be produced from plant-based sources such as sugarcane.
Chemically, polyester is a polymer that is primarily composed of compounds within the ester functional group. It is produced by a process called polymerization, whereby two or more molecules of an acid and alcohol are reacted to form a long, stable, and strong molecule.
The main ingredient in the polyester production process is ethylene, which is derived from petroleum and is commonly used to make plastics. However, ethylene is not biodegradable in the environment and can cause pollution in water and soil, so the extraction of ethylene is a wasteful and toxic process that contributes to global climate change.
Recycled polyester is another type of synthetic fabric that is more environmentally sustainable than virgin polyester. The recycled polyester can be re-melted and reused in new products several times, decreasing the amount of waste in our landfills. The only downside is that every time this recycling occurs, the plastic degrades and releases carcinogenic antimony compounds into the air.
When it comes to clothing, manufacturers use polyester fibers in a variety of fashion-forward garments including denim, jackets, and sportswear. They can also be blended with other fibers for added durability and ease of care.
It is not as breathable or comfortable as natural fibers like cotton, but it can be very durable and long-lasting. This type of synthetic fabric is generally easy to clean and resists staining and fading.
The most common polyester fabric is woven, but it can also be knitted. Woven polyester is a lightweight and supple material that feels smooth and almost silky to the touch.
There are many types of woven and knitted polyester fabrics, each with their own specific characteristics and benefits. Some are softer and more comfortable than others, so it's important to try on various styles to find the right fit for you.
Depending on the quality of the polyester fiber, the fabric can be rough, soft, or silky. It can also feel itchy on sensitive skin if the fabric is not made or tethered well, so it's best to opt for higher-quality versions or blends.
Static electricity can be a problem when polyester is the only fabric in a garment, so it's best to blend polyester with hygroscopic fibers such as cotton. This creates a hybrid fabric that is stronger, more durable and less prone to static electricity build-up than 100% polyester.
Reactions to polyester fabric and textiles are fairly rare, although consumers with sensitivity to certain chemicals may experience mild irritation after wearing the fabric or using it in a product. Some people have negative reactions to synthetic materials in general, so it's best to try the fabric on before deciding whether or not it's right for you.
Polyester is one of the most widely used synthetic fabrics in the world and is an essential component of most apparel, footwear, and homewear. It is a versatile and durable textile that is able to suit a wide range of activities, and it's also incredibly affordable.